What is Home Economics? What does this deal with? If you are thinking of exactly these questions, you are in the right place. We will provide a brief description of Home economics – what it is? What are its benefits? When it came to existence?
Home Economics is a study that deals with the branch of managing household scientifically. Likewise, the syllabus covers a vast field. From sewing, cooking to managing finance, consumer science.
Home Economics And Its Origin
Home science came to existence from the 19th century, when people realize that homemaking and managing household can be done scientifically. They introduced courses of homemaking to help the women of the society for a better future of settling down and taking care of their children. Homemaking courses, at that point of time, consist of cooking, sewing, gardening, and childcare. However, during this time, only the upper-class women, who could afford higher education, could attend these classes. The Lake Placid Conference took place in the late 19th century. There, propositions were given to make Home Economy a legitimate profession. Going on, in the year 1899, ‘Home Economics’ was chosen as the official term to represent this branch of study.
Home Economics In 20th Century
During the 20th century, Home Economics reached its peak in popularity and acceptance. Because of World War I and II, there was a high demand for vocational and homemaking education systems. Meanwhile, the ‘Smith-Lever Act’ and ‘Smith-Hughes Act’ managed to gather federal funds that created the Office of Home Economics along with more homemaking educational institutes all across the country. The concept then was to provide the practical skills and scientific understanding of household technology to women for their improvement. In 1994 the courses renamed themselves as ‘Family and consumer science’. Due to the Civil Rights Act of 1964, where now a man and woman had equal rights to cook, sew and earn, Home Economy earned its new name.
Home Economic In 21st Century
Family and consumer science have shown its decline in the 21st century. Few of the reasons being gender discrimination, more demand for technical courses, etc. Still, there are few countries that have family and consumer science as an elective or required subject in their educations system. The names are Canada, Germany, India, South Korea (known as gajeong-gwahak), United States and the United Kingdom.
Home Economy As Career
Home Economy has a growing market and has high demand. Students passing these courses can work effectively in almost all the fields related to households. Some of the renowned career opportunities after studying Home Economic include Childcare Worker, Dietitians, and Nutritionists, Interior Designers, Budget Analysts as well as Dressmakers.
The ‘National Council on Family Relations’(found in 1938), is the oldest and nonpartisan organization that deals with family research and education. The 3400 members of NCFR come from more than 35 countries and share a common goal – ‘understanding and strengthening families’.